Drug addiction is emerging as a worldwide threat. Especially developing countries like India are rapidly becoming victims of this threat.What could be the reasons for this danger in a country like India? It’s important to note that drug addiction is a complex issue influenced by multiple factors, and it can vary within region as well. The way that society views drug usage has changed, particularly among younger people. Increased experimentation and addiction may be caused by peer pressure, media influence, and the belief that drug use is hip or socially acceptable. In India, the abuse of prescription medications—including sedatives and opioids—has grown to be a serious problem. These drugs’ easy availability, lax regulations, and ignorance of their potentially addictive properties have all led to overuse and eventual addiction.
In almost all areas of India, the youth population is becoming its major victim. No Indian state is free from this problem. There are some states where drug addiction rates are scary. Among these states, Punjab is among the states with the highest drug abuse rate. Drug abuse has been a major problem in the Indian state of Punjab. Due to the high rate of drug addiction and substance abuse issues in Punjab, the area has seen social, economic, and health-related difficulties. Here are some important details regarding drug misuse in Punjab:
1.Geographical location: Punjab borders Pakistan, a well-known hub for drug trafficking from Afghanistan, a significant producer of illegal substances. Drugs are more likely to reach Punjab because of its close proximity to these drug-producing areas.
2.High rates of addiction: Punjab has been shown to have some of India’s highest rates of drug addiction. The issue has impacted residents of all socioeconomic backgrounds in the state’s rural and urban districts.
3.Accessibility and availability: The high rates of addiction have been exacerbated by the easy access to narcotics such as amphetamines, heroin, and opium as well as synthetic drugs like opioids. Drugs are freely accessible in Punjab due to the sophistication of the drug trade networks and smuggling methods.
4.Socioeconomic factors: Punjab has previously experienced severe economic hardships, such as joblessness, a lack of possibilities, and agrarian crises. The state’s social fabric has suffered as a result of these elements as well as the impact drug abuse has on people and families.
5.Cultural factors: The ingestion of opium or cannabis-based products is one of the classic forms of drug usage in Punjab’s past. On the other hand, addiction-related issues have been exacerbated by the misuse and abuse of these substances.
6.Health effects: Substance addiction has led to negative health effects, such as a rise in HIV/AIDS and hepatitis infections because intravenous drug users share needles. Addicts who struggle with mental health conditions such as sadness, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts and feelings are not uncommon.
Steps taken by governments : Indian government’s steps against the dangers of drug abuse: The Government of India has issued a toll free number1800-11-0031, from this helpline you can get information related to drug addiction, prevention and awareness and other information. This is a meaningful step by the Government of India towards the increasing dangers of drug abuse in India. The Punjabi government and other groups have acknowledged the gravity of the drug abuse issue and taken action to combat it. The creation of drug de-addiction centers and rehabilitation facilities, awareness campaigns, and community involvement initiatives are some of the measures taken to prevent drug misuse and offer assistance to those who are affected. Law enforcement has also been stepped up to combat drug trafficking.
An aberrant cell development in the brain or surrounding tissues is called a brain tumor. Primary brain tumors are those that start inside the brain, whereas secondary or metastatic brain tumors are those that spread from other regions of the body to the brain.
The type of cells involved determines the further classification of primary brain tumors. Gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, and medulloblastomas are a few frequent forms. The most common kind of brain tumors are called gliomas, and they include astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and ependymomas.
Although the precise causes of brain tumors is frequently unknown, a number of risk factors have been found. These comprise ionizing radiation exposure, a family history of brain cancers, specific genetic disorders, and particular environmental variables.World Brain Tumor Day is celebrated every year on 8th June, so that people can be made aware about this deadly disease.
Actually, having a headache is a common problem which can happen due to many reasons, but if suddenly the form of headache seems to change or suddenly there is severe headache, feeling like vomiting and it becomes dark in front, and or the headache takes a different form day by day. If it increases then in such a situation we should definitely consult a doctor. These can also be symptoms of brain tumor.
Having problems in hearing, speaking and thinking:
Along with the above symptoms, sometimes it may also happen that hearing ability suddenly decreases. Tongue getting stuck while speaking. There may also be symptoms like sudden disruption in thinking ability. Decreased vision: Sometimes it is seen that the eyesight decreases in the symptoms of brain tumor.
Symptoms like depression:
In patients above 50 years of age who have a tumor in the frontal lobe, such patients are always surrounded by depression and are troubled by the problem of insomnia.
The ability to remember something or think and understand becomes weak and this problem increases rapidly. Change in personality: Due to brain tumor, there is a sudden change in the behavior of the person. Changes begin to occur in daily activities.
Sometimes there are cases of brain tumor in which no symptoms are visible. In case of head injury or any other reason, a brain scan of the person is done and the presence of tumor is detected.
Causes Of Brain Tumor:
Many times, the precise causes of brain tumors are not known. On the other hand, some risk factors that may raise the chance of getting a brain tumor have been found by researchers. Among these risk factors are:
1.Age and Brain Tumor :
Research has shown that for people between the ages of 15 and 40, the probability is about 75%, while for people over 40, the probability is about 22%. This means that youth are becoming more vulnerable to it.
2.Ionizing radiation exposure:
Brain tumor development has been associated with high-dose radiation exposure, such as that received from radiation therapy used to treat other malignancies or radiation exposure from nuclear accidents.
3.Genetic and family history:
A higher chance of developing a brain tumor has been linked to a number of uncommon genetic disorders, including neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and von Hippel-Lindau disease. Furthermore, there may be a small increase in risk if there is a family history of brain tumors.
4.Immune system problems:
A higher chance of acquiring specific brain malignancies, including primary central nervous system lymphoma, has been connected to a number of uncommon immune system disorders, including AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
Extended exposure to some chemicals, including formaldehyde, vinyl chloride, and insecticides, has been proposed as a possible risk factor for brain tumors. However, there is scant and conflicting data connecting these substances to brain cancers.
It is noteworthy that while most people with risk factors do not acquire brain tumors, the bulk of brain tumors occur in persons who have no known risk factors. Although the precise interactions between genetic and environmental variables and brain tumor development remain unclear, they are most likely to be combined.
It’s also important to note that secondary brain tumors—tumors that have traveled from other places of the body to the brain—have several underlying causes. In some instances, the brain tumor does not originate in the brain; rather, it is the result of a primary malignancy that has spread to other parts of the body.Lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, and melanoma are the most prevalent cancers that can spread to the brain.
Possible treatment for Brain Tumor:
Brain tumors are usually diagnosed by a combination of study of the patient’s medical history, neurological examination, imaging tests (MRI or CT scans), and occasionally a biopsy to examine a sample of the tumor tissue. After a brain tumor is identified, more testing could be carried out to ascertain.
The kind, location, size, and grade of the tumor, in addition to the patient’s general health and preferences, all influence the course of treatment for a brain tumor. A mix of these therapies may be applied in specific circumstances. Removing or reducing the tumor, relieving symptoms, and enhancing the patient’s quality of life are the objectives of treatment.
The following are the main ways that brain tumors are treated:
If the tumor is accessible and its removal does not significantly jeopardize important brain processes, surgery is frequently the first course of treatment. As much of the tumor as feasible must be removed during surgery while the surrounding healthy brain tissue is preserved. Complete removal might not always be possible because of the location of the tumor or other issues.
To target and kill cancer cells, radiation therapy employs high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation. When surgery is not an option, it is frequently utilized as the main course of treatment to eradicate any residual tumor cells. Brachytherapy, or internal delivery of radiation therapy using implanted radioactive sources, is an alternative to external beam radiation therapy.
This treatment uses medications to either destroy or stop the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be injected intravenously, orally, or directly into the cerebrospinal fluid. In certain cases, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are combined, especially when treating brain cancers that respond better to chemotherapy.
Drugs that selectively target certain chemicals or genetic alterations involved in the development and spread of cancer cells are referred to as targeted therapy. These medications have the ability to obstruct particular signaling pathways or prevent new blood vessels from forming to nourish the tumor. For some kinds of brain tumors, targeted therapy may be advised in addition to conventional treatments.
The goal of immunotherapy is to activate the immune system so that it can identify and combat cancerous cells. It can be applied to some brain tumors, especially those that have certain molecular characteristics that allow immunotherapy medications to work on them. The topic of immunotherapy is fast developing, and research on its use to the treatment of brain tumors is still ongoing.
This is an essential adjunct to basic treatments in order to help manage symptoms, enhance quality of life, and attend to the patient’s physical, emotional, and psychological needs. Palliative care, which aims to improve comfort and relieve symptoms, is one type of supportive care that may include pain treatment, counseling, rehabilitation therapies, and other services.
A multidisciplinary team comprising medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, neurosurgeons, and other specialists decides on the specific course of treatment for a brain tumor. Taking into account the unique features of both the patient and the tumor, the team creates a customized course of treatment. To evaluate the response to treatment and handle any possible side effects or complications, routine monitoring and follow-up care are also crucial.
is a popular Pranayam excercise in Yoga which can help in controlling breathing. The word Ujjayi means “victorious” i.e. overcoming breath control. The specialty of this pranayama is that in this the sound is pronounced from the inner, back part of the throat to absorb and exhale the breath.
Its method is as follows:
1.Sit in a Sukhasana or Padmasana and come to a state of inner peace. Keep the muscles calm. 2.Close your eyes and concentrate. 3.Breathe normally through your mouth. 4.Keeping your mouth closed, feel the breath towards the back of your throat and exhale through the nose with a throaty friction sound. 5.Similarly, keeping the body stable, inhale through both the nostrils making a sound and then exhale while making a sound.
Repeat this process and stay focused. You can do this pranayam independently for 5-10 minutes.
Following are the main benefits of regular practice of Ujjayi Pranayama:
1.Stability: Ujjayi Pranayama helps to control breathing and brings the mind to a state of peace and stability. 2.Generation of Prana Shakti: Through this Pranayama, Prana Shakti (physical and mental energy) is generated and flows. 3.Breathing control ability: This pranayama increases your breathing control ability and helps in bringing more oxygen into the body, which increases energy. 4.Stability of mind: Ujjayi Pranayam helps in making the meditation stable and concentrated. Insomnia and mental stress also reduces. 5.Increase in strength and energy: Through this pranayama, you can activate your emotions by increasing your energy. 6.Cleansing the trachea: This pranayama helps in keeping the trachea clean and healthy. 7.It slows down the rate of breathing. It is believed that this results in longevity. 8.By doing this the complaint of stuttering and stammering also goes away. 9.Provides relief from thyroid problems. 10.Helpful in eradicating TB (tuberculosis).
Note that it would be best to take guidance from a yoga guru or instructor to perform Pranayam correctly. Beginners should not practice this breathing for more than five minutes a day. Heart patients should also not do this exercise.
Everyone loves sweetness since childhood. We all know that this sweetness reaches us from many sources, of which in the modern era, a big source is sugar which is processed from sugar factories and reaches our plates or mouths. But do you know what effect this sugar has on our health if we do not consume it wisely? So should we stop eating sweets or sweeteners?
Let us understand through this important article on this important topics First let us understand what effect consuming it in excess can have on health:
Sugar has high calories and low nutrients, that is, the foods high in sugar that we eat or drink increase calorie consumption instead of providing nutrition to the body, due to which our weight increases. Especially sugar is responsible for weight gain or obesity. Is considered to be the cause.
2- Increased risk of chronic disease :-
Excessive consumption of sugar increases triglyceride levels in our body and insulin levels become abnormal, which can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
3-Abnormal blood sugar: –
When we consume sugar in large amounts, the sugar level in the blood increases or decreases rapidly. Due to which our body may become tired and may suffer from instability of energy.
4-Addiction or intoxication of eating sweets: –Sugar also has this property, which encourages us to eat more sweetness, which makes it difficult to control intake and can upset the balance of food.
5-Dental disease: –
Due to excessive consumption, the bacteria in the mouth eat sugar and produce acid, as a result the tooth enamel starts getting destroyed and the chances of gum disease increases. Therefore, sugar plays a major role in tooth decay.
6-Mental health :-
Scientific studies have shown that excessive sugar consumption has a negative impact on our mental health, although research on its accuracy is still ongoing.
Should one stop consuming sugar due to the above reasons?
If it is consumed in small or balanced quantities, it is a source of quick energy for our body, replenishes glycogen, helps in digestion, has a positive effect on mental health and also increases the taste of our food. .
Ultimately, it is important to note that excessive sugar consumption from processed foods and sugary beverages is the cause of all these risks. Along with sugar, fiber, vitamins and minerals are naturally found in whole foods, fruits, and dairy products, which reduce the negative effects of sugar. Therefore, we should balance the intake of excess sugar. Consuming sugar in moderation is part of a balanced diet and sugar should be enjoyed only when consumed in moderation.
A person is said to be in good mentally healthy if they are aware of their own potential, able to handle everyday challenges, productively work, and give back to their community. It includes psychological, social, and emotional health. In addition to the absence of mental illness, mental health also includes traits like resiliency, self-esteem, strong relationships, and the capacity to overcome obstacles in life.
Can a person always remain mentally healthy
Even if there is a continuum of mental health, it’s important to keep in mind that nobody can have perfect mental health all the time. Similar to physical health, mental health fluctuates over time and is influenced by a wide range of factors, including as genetics, life events, the environment, and individual coping mechanisms.
Periods of stress, melancholy, or concern are normal and expected shifts in mental health. These variances are a common occurrence in people’s daily lives. A mental health disorder that needs to be addressed and treated can be indicated if these symptoms persist, get worse, or significantly impede daily functioning.
To sustain excellent mental health, one must adopt positive attitudes and actions that improve overall wellbeing.
Among the essential components of mental wellness are:
Taking care of oneself by doing things like practicing mindfulness, taking up a hobby, getting enough sleep, and eating a balanced diet. These activities help people unwind, reduce stress, and feel better emotionally.
2. Social support:
fostering wholesome connections and looking for assistance from loved ones, friends, or support groups. Having a solid support system can provide you perspective, comfort, and help when things go tough.
3. Building resilience:
which is the capacity to overcome hardship, manage stress, and adapt to change. Building resilience entails developing optimistic thought patterns, problem-solving techniques, and the ability to ask for assistance when required.
4. Work-life balance:
pursuing a harmonious balance between one’s professional, personal, and recreational obligations. Setting limits, using time wisely, and engaging in satisfying hobbies are all ways to improve mental health.
5. Seeking professional support:
Recognizing when assistance from a mental health expert, such as a therapist or counselor, is necessary. They can offer direction, comfort, and therapies for mental health issues that are supported by science.
It’s critical to keep in mind that maintaining good mental health is a lifelong process, with each person’s experience being distinct. While perfect mental health may not be possible to achieve, it is possible to build resilience, create effective coping mechanisms, and live a full life despite sporadic difficulties. Maintaining excellent mental health requires intentional measures to prioritize mental wellbeing and getting assistance when necessary.
These days, cases of heart attack are increasing rapidly. Increasing risk of heart attack in people at young age is becoming a serious problem. The death toll due to heart disease in India is scary. Causes of heart attack include chaotic, uncontrolled and irregular lifestyle, smoking, tobacco consumption, alcohol, water, stressful life, physical inactivity, diabetes, high blood pressure etc.now let’s talk about its symptoms .
How to know the symptoms of heart attack in time :
A heart attack, occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked, leading to the damage or death of heart muscle cells. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention. Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack is crucial for timely medical intervention. Below are some common symptoms:
1.Chest pain or discomfort:
Chest pain or discomfort is the most typical heart attack symptom. A tightness, pressure, squeezing, or weight in the chest is a common sensation. The arm, neck, jaw, or back may also experience radicular pain.
2.Shortness of breath:
Shortness of breath or trouble breathing is another typical symptom. Patients may have chest pain or discomfort in addition to the sensation that they are not getting enough air.
3.Nausea and vomiting:
People having a heart attack can feel queasy or throw up. These symptoms are more prevalent in women, the elderly, or people with diabetes.
Heart attack victims frequently describe undiagnosed weariness or acute exhaustion. Days or even weeks before the actual attack, this tiredness may set in.
5. Lightheadedness and dizziness:
These two sensations can also be symptoms. The person might experience dizziness or a sense of impending doom.
excessively or in cold sweats without apparent cause may be an indication of a heart attack.
7. Pain in other places:
The pain may not always be localized to the chest. Additionally, the neck, jaw, back, and arms (typically the left arm) may also be affected.
8. Heartburn or indigestion:
On sometimes, heart attack symptoms can be confused with indigestion or heartburn. Along with other probable heart attack symptoms, it’s crucial to take these symptoms into account.
It is critical to keep in mind that In a silent heart attack, the patient does not have chest pain. Therefore it becomes quite difficult to identify it but the body starts receiving signals before a silent heart attack occurs. If its symptoms are identified and treated at the right time, the patient’s life can be saved.Some people might only have a few symptoms, while others might have all of them. Additionally, particularly in older folks, ladies, or people with diabetes, symptoms may be more subtle or go unnoticed. If you think you may be having a heart attack, it is always wise to seek medical treatment, especially if you have risk factors like a history of heart disease in your family or a sedentary lifestyle.